Gada Mace 360’s Two Grips Four Movements

Gada Mace 360’s Two Grips Four Movements 한국어 번역


Neil Meekings from MomentuM Fitness and UK Mace & Club Trainers asked the following question.

Could you explain what you mean about the Gada Mace 360s and hand positioning?

Gada Mace 360’s Two Grips Four Movements

The Gada 360’s can be swung using two different grips. Each grip can be swung clockwise and anti-clockwise. Hence Two Grips Four Movements

The Gada is held with an asymmetric grip, left over right, or right over left. When the Gada is held in front of the body, the uppermost hand also has to be the lowest behind you and reach the nape of the neck, achieving a deep full triceps extension.

Prime Arm

This is important in achieving a good swing and protecting the elbow. So I call it the PRIME arm as it does most of the work.

Secondary Arm

The other arm, in this case SECONDARY, is the lower of the two at the front (loose gripping), and becomes the uppermost during the back swing. The Secondary arm does not achieve a full triceps extension due to the mechanics of the swing, the role of this arm is to help guide the flight of the Gada, and works in a supporting role.

Each arm works in a different way, depending on the grip used

The 360 Swing

The 360 is an excellent way to prepare for the 10-2, but it must be mastered and swung clockwise and anticlockwise using both grip variations, namely left over right and right over left.
There is no doubt that one is harder than the other, but you have to learn both swings so that you can eventually swing a 10-2 where you cannot change your grip with each swing.

Summing up the YIN and YANG of the 360

A Gada student should learn to use the following asymmetric grips, and aim to be proficient in both directions. There are four exercises, two for each grip.


GRIP left over right

GRIP left over right

LEFT over RIGHT GRIP swing a 360 clockwise and anticlockwise. The left arm working as the Primary and right as the Secondary.


GRIP right over left

GRIP right over left

RIGHT over LEFT GRIP swing a 360 clockwise and anticlockwise. The right arm working as the Primary and left as the Secondary.


The Benefit of Grip Mastery

The flightpath or trajectory of the Gada head varies with both asymmetric grips. The student has to understand that the Gada must swing on the frontal plane and that it will swing in a straight line (not a curve). For example if the Gada is launched forward it will swing to the back and probably hit the athlete.
The flightpath is controlled from the grip.

The primary and secondary arms work together and should be thought of as complementary (rather than opposing) forces that interact to form a dynamic swing in which the Gada and the Athlete become ONE.


The 360 is being taught by some trainers as a one grip swing clockwise and then reversing the grip to swing anticlockwise, this is wrong as it does NOT prepare the student for the 10-2, where you have to be able to swing in both directions without changing grip.

 Click here to read Korean translation

 My thanks to Jeong Heon Oh for translating


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Meet the Author

Paul Taras Wolkowinski

INDIAN CLUBS and how to use them. Traveling, researching and studying old books and manuals, has played a major part in my re-discovery of the Art of Indian Clubs Swinging. I practice four disciplines, Indian Clubs, Persian Meels, Gada Mace and Indian Jori Clubs. I have discovered a fascination for this form of exercise that has grown with proficiency. This website is dedicated to help you discover how to use Indian Clubs for exercise and fitness.

2 comments… add one
  • Marcel Karre Jun 22, 2016, 8:41 pm

    merci pour ces précieux conseils
    Marcel Karre

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